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  • Opioid misuse can be tracked using Twitter( Springer ) Social media can be a useful tool to find out how widespread the misuse of prescribed opioid drugs is, or to track the dynamics of opioid misuse in a given locality over time. This is according to a study in Springer Nature's Journal of Medical Toxicology. Lead author Michael Chary and his team analyzed more than 3.6 million tweets and found that the information about opioid misuse was significantly correlated with federal surveys.
  • Cleaner diesel on the horizonOn September 1, 2017, new emissions regulations for passenger vehicles will come into force in the EU and Switzerland. These will plug the gaps in the existing legislation and ensure that diesel vehicles in particular become considerably cleaner as regards their nitric oxide emissions. However, they will also permit existing vehicles to continue to be sold for some time. Empa recommends buying diesel vehicles only if they have been approved in accordance with Euro 6d-TEMP or Euro 6d.
  • Flaw detector for testing composite aircraftsA thermal flaw detector developed at Tomsk Polytechnic University will be used in the manufacturing of a new aircraft to replace the AN-2. The new model fully consists of composite materials and is developed by the Siberian Aeronautical Research Institute S. A. Chaplygin (SibNIA), Novosibirsk, Russia.
  • Orange is the new green: How orange peels revived a Costa Rican forest( Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs ) In the mid-1990s, 1,000 truckloads of orange peels and orange pulp were purposefully unloaded onto a barren pasture in a Costa Rican national park. Today, that area is covered in lush, vine-laden forest.
  • HRL receives NASA award to 3-D print ceramic rocket engine components( HRL Laboratories ) HRL Laboratories has received an award as part of NASA's Space Technology Research, Development, Demonstration, and Infusion program to develop additive manufactured (3-D printed) ceramic rocket engine components.
  • Quantum ruler for biomolecules( University of Vienna ) Quantum physics teaches us that unobserved particles may propagate through space like waves. This is philosophically intriguing and of technological relevance: a research team at the University of Vienna has demonstrated that combining experimental quantum interferometry with quantum chemistry allows deriving information about optical and electronic properties of biomolecules, here exemplified with a set of vitamins. These results have been published in the journal "Angewandte Chemie International Edition".
  • Clinical study shows that retinal imaging may detect signs of Alzheimer's disease( Public Relations Pacific LLC ) A study led by researchers at Cedars-Sinai and NeuroVision Imaging LLC provides the scientific basis for using noninvasive eye imaging to detect the pathological hallmarks of Alzheimer's. The experimental technology, developed by Cedars-Sinai and NeuroVision, scans the retina using techniques that can identify beta-amyloid protein deposits that mirror those in the brain.
  • Spaser can detect, kill circulating tumor cells to prevent cancer metastases, study finds( Georgia State University ) A nanolaser known as the spaser can serve as a super-bright, water-soluble, biocompatible probe capable of finding metastasized cancer cells in the blood stream and then killing these cells, according to a new research study.
  • Microsoft researchers achieve new conversational speech recognition milestoneBy Xuedong Huang, Technical Fellow, Microsoft Last year, Microsoft’s speech and dialog research group announced a milestone in reaching human parity on the Switchboard conversational speech recognition task, meaning we had created technology that recognized words in a conversation as well as professional human transcribers. After our transcription system reached the 5.9 percent word error […] The post Microsoft researchers achieve new conversational speech recognition milestone appeared first on Microsoft Research .
  • Biochemical 'fingerprints' reveal diabetes progression( Umea University ) Researchers from Umeå University in Sweden describe a new method to study biochemical changes that occur in the pancreas during the development of diabetes. The method, recently published in Scientific Reports, is based on molecular spectroscopy and can be used to extract biochemical profiles (or 'fingerprints') containing information about disease progression. The method could facilitate improved understanding of the mechanistic processes on molecular and cellular levels that are key to the development of diabetes.

Latest News

Reducing conducting thin film surface roughness for electronics


2:23:44 PM 2017

As transistor dimensions within integrated circuits continue to shrink, smooth metallic lines are required to interconnect these devices. If the surfaces of these tiny metal lines aren't smooth enough, it substantially reduces their ability to conduct electrical and thermal energy -- decreasing functionality. Engineers report an advance in modeling results that establish electrical surface treatment of conducting thin films as a physical processing method for reducing surface roughness.

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