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  • Einstein researchers share $9 million grant to find anti-aging therapies( Albert Einstein College of Medicine ) Scientists now believe that the Fountain of Youth flows from our genes, or at least from the genes of people who live healthy lives to age 100 or later. To discover what's special about the genes of centenarians -- and apply that knowledge to extend the healthy lives of the rest of us -- the NIH has awarded researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine and The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) a five-year, $9 million grant.
  • German envoy voices concerns about China web restrictionsA potential ban in China on software to avoid the country's censors could make it "impossible" to communicate privately online, the German ambassador warned Monday.
  • UTA aerospace engineer receives Army grant to advance limitations of computed tomography( University of Texas at Arlington ) Andrew Makeev, professor in the University of Texas at Arlington's Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, received a $900,000 grant from the Army Research Lab to address the Army's need for better structural diagnostics and life assessment in composite aircraft parts.
  • Harvey runoff menaces Texas' coral reefs( Rice University ) The more than 13 trillion gallons of floodwater from Hurricane Harvey have created a massive plume of freshwater in the Gulf of Mexico that is threatening the coral reefs of the Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary about 100 miles offshore of Galveston.
  • Early palliative care provides no quality of life benefits for recently diagnosed MPM patients( International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer ) Early specialist palliative care for patients that were recently diagnosed with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) does not impact quality of life (QOL) measures, according to research presented by Prof. Fraser Brims of Curtin University in Australia, at the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) 18th World Conference on Lung Cancer (WCLC) in Yokohama, Japan.
  • Cancer relapse linked to body's own immune system( Institute of Cancer Research ) Cancer cells that survive after treatment may use the body's own immune system to wake themselves up and fuel their growth, a new study shows. The research sheds new light on how the immune system loses its ability to keep cancer in check, leading to the patient relapsing.
  • Integration of smoking cessation within CT lung cancer screenings shows life-saving results( International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer ) A study that integrated robust smoking cessation programs into an organized low-dose CT (LDCT) lung cancer screening program found that the inclusion of both interventions has the potential to decrease mortality rates while being relatively cost-effective. Dr. William Evans of McMaster University in Canada presented these findings today at the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) 18th World Conference on Lung Cancer (WCLC) in Yokohama, Japan.
  • Chemical treatment improves quantum dot lasers( DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory ) One of the secrets to making tiny laser devices such as opthalmic surgery scalpels work even more efficiently is the use of tiny semiconductor particles, called quantum dots. In new research at Los Alamos National Laboratory's Nanotech Team, the ~nanometer-sized dots are being doctored, or 'doped,' with additional electrons, a treatment that nudges the dots ever closer to producing the desired laser light with less stimulation and energy loss.
  • RIT researchers help usher in era of multi-messenger astronomy with LIGO discovery( Rochester Institute of Technology ) Rochester Institute of Technology played a significant role in the breakthrough discovery of colliding neutron stars, cosmic collision detected in gravitational waves and in light. "We can probably account for all the gold that has ever been made," said Richard O'Shaughnessy from RIT's Center for Computational Relativity and Gravitation. "We know how often neutron stars merge and can predict how much of the radioactive material they eject. We can predict how much gold they make."
  • ESnet's science DMZ design could help transfer, protect medical research dataLike other sciences, medical research is generating increasingly large datasets as doctors track health trends, the spread of diseases, genetic causes of illness and the like. Effectively using this data for efforts ranging from stopping the spread of deadly viruses to creating precision medicine treatments for individuals will be greatly accelerated by the secure sharing of the data, while also protecting individual privacy.

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Improving the mechanical properties of polymer gels through molecular design

12:53:55 PM 2016
Improving the mechanical properties of polymer gels through molecular design

A polymer gel consists of a three-dimensional cross-linked polymer network swollen with liquid molecules. However, most conventional polymer gels are brittle because stress concentration readily occurs in their cross-linked polymer network structure. The mechanical properties of polymer gels need to be improved to facilitate their application as, for example, molecular sieves and superabsorbent materials.


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